Capital: Long Xuyen City
Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Khmer, Cham, Hoa
Highlights: Temple of Lady Chua Xu, Sam Mountain, Tay An Pagoda
Oc-Eo Remains Site
Oc – Eo Remains Site is a famous place known to many people inside the country and overseas. It is a vast ancient vestige site of Funan Kingdom, a powerful nation in Southeast Asia area about two thousand years ago. This remains site lies in the mountainous region of Nui Sap – Ba The in Thoai Son District, 30km from Long Xuyen. In the Middle Ages, the ancient citadel of Oc-Eo used to be a commercial centre. Oc-Eo Remains Site was rediscovered when the soil was dug out to build the Ba The Channel. The site has an area of 4,500ha still hold many mysteries to researchers and archaeologists. Nowadays, Oc-Eo Remains Site receives many researchers and archaeologists who come to study and investigate, and also attracts many local and foreign tourists who come to visit and study about a booming era of the former An Giang.
From Long Xuyen, one has to travel almost 60km to get to Sam Mountain, which lies 6km west of Chau Doc, approximately 2km from the border between Viet Nam and Cambodia. The 230m-high mountain does not only offer beautiful landscapes, but it is also the site of many historic remains deeply cherished by the inhabitants of the Mekong River Delta. Temple of Lady Chua Xu, Tay An Pagoda, Thoai Ngoc Hau Tomb, Tao Ngo Garden, and Bach Van Hill are among the famous sites located near Sam Mountain. To reach Sam Mountain, follow provincial Road 10 from Long Xuyen to Chau Doc, and then go 7km further. Sam Mountain can also be reached by boat from Can Tho, Soc Trang, and Ho Chi Minh City.
Temple of Lady
The temple was established at the beginning of the 19th century in Nui Sam Ward, Chau Doc City.There are two legends about its construction.The first legend is that the temple of Lady Chua Xu was built because the people here believed Lady Chua Xu to be sacred. The second legend relates that Madam Chau Thi Te, wife of Thoai Ngoc Hau, the builder of the Vinh Te Canal, swore to erect a temple when the canal, whose construction claimed many lives, was completed. She died before carrying out her oath. Thoai Ngoc Hau implemented her plans by building the temple of Lady Chua Xu. At first the temple was made of bamboo. In 1962, it was roofed with double tiles. Then in 1972, it was rebuilt (except the 10m-long stone wall at the back, which was the old platform of the tower). The monument was completed in 1976.The temple is constructed according to the Chinese character (Quoc). It has four square roofs of blue tiles. The house used for displaying statues also has four square roofs. Worshipped inside the temple is the statue of Lady Chua Xu, which was artistically carved of grey stone in the 6th century, based on the motif of the Deity Vishnu statue often seen in Laos, Cambodia, and India.
Thoai Ngoc Hau Tomb
The tomb of Thoai Ngoc Hau is the most grandiose structure at the foot of Sam Mountain in Chau Doc City. It is dedicated to Thoai Ngoc Hau and his two wives. Thoai Ngoc Hau was a famous general of the Nguyen Dynasty, who directed the digging of the Vinh Te and Thoai Ha canals in order to develop agriculture, and the opening of the path from Chau Doc to Sam Mountain and from Chau Doc to Lo Go and Soc Trang. He contributed greatly to the reclamation of the lands South-West of Viet Nam. The tomb area has a harmonious architecture style, surrounded by thick walls made of stone. In the middle of the platform are the tombs and temple of Thoai Ngoc Hau and his two wives. Nearby, there are several tombs of the officials who helped Thoai Ngoc Hau reclaim land and dig the Vinh Te Canal. Thoai Ngoc Hau Tomb was completed in the late 1820s. Its charm and magnificence is well preserved. It is an architectural construction of great historical significance. On the 6th day of the 6th lunar month every year, people often come to the tomb to pay homage to Thoai Ngoc Hau for the services he rendered to the nation.