Capital: Ca Mau City
Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Khmer, Hoa, Tay
Highlights: Ngoc Hien Bird Sanctuary, Mui Ca Mau National Park
Hong Anh Historical Site
This site is located at 41 Pham Van Ky Street, Ward 2, Ca Mau City. In 1928, it was the base of a branch of Viet Nam Revolutionary Youth in Ca Mau which had the task of disseminating and educating Marxism and Leninism to all walk of life and enabling for the birth of Party cells in the city.The first floor of this site used to be a bookshop of the branch called Hong Anh. The shop provided books printed in Sai Gon, including “Capital” by Marx and F. Engels. In 1992, the Hong Anh Bookshop was recognized as a historical and revolutionary site.
19/5 Cultural Park is about 2km west of Ca Mau City centre, along Ly Van Lam Road. The park covers an area of 18.2ha, with many monuments, flowers, ornamental plants and the complex of fish pond and Bac Ho house- on-stilts. Some animals typical in mangroves are raised here, including crocodiles, monkeys, iguanas, pythons, snakes, tortoises. There is also a bird sanctuary which attracts most of visitors. For years, at dusk, thousands of birds and storks fly to the 4.5-ha bird sanctuary within the park. Some new species such as teals, parrots, wild geese have begun to reside and reproduce here. The bird sanctuary is fenced in to form a habitat for birds. At the peak, it is estimated that 10,000 birds are concentrated here, among them storks account for 80 percent; the remaining are night-herons and other species. There are few of herons, pelicans, cranes.The people in Ca Mau are much proud of this site because it is the only bird sanctuary in the middle of residential areas.
Ngoc Hien Bird Sanctuary
Ngoc Hien is the final district of Ca Mau and the terminal area of Viet Nam. Covering an area of 130ha, Ngoc Hien is one of the largest natural bird sanctuaries in Viet Nam. The Bay Hap River and the canal system run across this region surrounded by abundant green vegetation all year round, creating a safe ecological shelter for the birds. Ngoc Hien Bird Sanctuary is an ecological tourism site also used for studying the rare bird species that inhabit the area.
Hon Khoai Islands
Hon Khoai islands belong to Ngoc Hien District is 14.6km from the mainland, southwest of Nam Can Town. There are five islands in extremely close proximity to one another, including Hon Khoai, Hon Sao, Hon Doi Moi, Hon Da Le, and Hon Tuong with total area of 4km2. From Ca Mau, tourists can also visit the fishing village of Tran De (at the southern end of the mainland), and then continue on to Hon Khoai. Come to Hon Khoai, tourists have an opportunity to enjoy the beautiful landscape, swimming, climbing mountain, walking into the forest. Atop of Hon Khoai Island still remains a lighthouse built by French at the end of the 19th century. From this place tourists are allows seeing the panorama view of Doi Moi Island and Ca Mau Cape by telescope. Hon Khoai attracts tourists by its primitive natural landscape and pristine beach.
Ca Mau Floating Market
Ca Mau Market is opened in the Ganh Hao River, Ward 8, Ca Mau City, from 4am to 8pm, with hundreds of boats of all sizes. At the prow of each boat, there is a pole hang with some goods (gourds, watermelons, papaws, green cabbage, Chinese squashes, potatoes, carrots, tomatoes, etc.). Different from the inland markets, the boats are not concentrated according to their commodifies, so buyers should see the goods hang on the poles at the boat prow. Sellers will never solicit for their customs but sit drinking tea and smoking in their boats. The floating market mainly provides agricultural products to traders who will bring them to remote rural areas such as Ngoc Hien, Nam Can, Dam Doi, Cai Nuoc, Thoi Binh, Rach Tau. There are also some small boats making their way in the market to cater breakfast, lunch or some snack. Many dwellers in Ca Mau Floating Market come from other localities and settle here to earn living. The boat is their moving house, equipped with all household utensils for daily life. Among these traders, a friendly neighbourhood has been established for hundreds of years. They always assist each other and share joys and sorrows together. In the late evening, the dwellers often gather and sing some traditional tunes to relax after a hardworking day.